Global Agricultural Information Network
USDA'S Global Agriculture Information Network (GAIN) provides timely information on the agricultural economy, products and issues in foreign countries since 1995 that are likely to have an impact on United States agricultural production and trade. U.S. Foreign Service officers working at posts overseas collect and submit information on the agricultural situation in more than 130 countries to USDA's Foreign Agricultural Service (FAS), which maintains the GAIN reports.
Production, Supply, and Distribution (PSD) data in GAIN reports are NOT official USDA data, but represent estimates made by FAS Attachés. Official USDA PSD data are determined after analyzing all overseas reports and drawing on additional sources, including more than 1,500 documents received from private and public sources around the world, global weather information, and satellite imagery analysis. After this analysis, official USDA data are released in USDA's World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates monthly report and in FAS' World Production, Market, and Trade reports.
Why check two different search engines for the reports?
In 2009, the GAIN Report System was redesigned, and the new system was tested and refined between February 16 and July 2, 2009. During this period, FAS overseas posts had the option of submitting their reports to the legacy (old) GAIN system, the new GAIN system, or to both.
Because of this option, users searching for reports released between February 16 and July 2, 2009, should check BOTH the new GAIN and the legacy GAIN systems.
All reports entered after July 2, 2009 are available at:
All historical GAIN Reports since 1995 and prior to February 16, 2009, are available at:
If you have any questions about the GAIN search engines or wish to report unavailable reports, please contact